Real Estate Editorial

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Easy Ways to Calculate Your Loan-to-Value (LTV) and Ensuring You Don’t Overstretch Your Budget

March 28, 20243 min read

For many in Singapore, owning a home is a significant milestone. Whether you're eyeing a HDB flat or a private property, understanding your Loan-to-Value (LTV) ratio and ensuring you don’t overstretch your budget are crucial steps in the home buying process. This guide will walk you through easy methods to calculate your LTV for both HDB and bank loans, and provide tips on managing your finances effectively.

Understanding Loan-to-Value (LTV)

The LTV ratio is a critical factor lenders use to assess the amount they’re willing to loan you for purchasing a property. It is calculated by dividing the loan amount by the appraised value or purchase price of the property, whichever is lower, and expressed as a percentage.

For HDB Loans:

The maximum LTV ratio for HDB loans is up to 80%. This means you can borrow up to 80% of the purchase price or market value of the HDB flat, whichever is lower.

For Bank Loans:

For bank loans, the maximum LTV ratio is usually up to 75%. However, this can vary depending on several factors, including your financial health and the bank's lending criteria.

Calculating Your LTV

Step 1: Determine the purchase price or the appraised value of the property, using the lower of the two figures.

Step 2: Calculate the amount you plan to borrow from the lender.

Step 3: Divide the loan amount by the property value and multiply by 100 to get your LTV ratio.

Example: If you're buying a property valued at S$500,000 and plan to borrow S$375,000, your LTV ratio would be (375,000 / 500,000) * 100 = 75%.

Ensuring You Don't Overstretch Your Budget

1. Assess Your Financial Health: Before committing to a loan, evaluate your financial situation. Consider your income, expenses, debts, and other financial obligations.

2. Consider Other Costs: Besides the loan, remember to factor in other costs such as stamp duties, legal fees, and renovation expenses.

3. Use Affordability Calculators: Leverage online tools to estimate your loan amount, monthly repayments, and how they fit into your budget.

4. Maintain an Emergency Fund: Ensure you have savings equivalent to at least six months of expenses. This fund acts as a financial buffer should any unforeseen circumstances arise.

5. Opt for a Loan Tenure Within Your Comfort Zone: While a longer tenure may reduce your monthly repayments, it also means paying more interest over time. Choose a tenure that balances affordability with overall interest paid.

6. Consult an Expert: If you’re uncertain, speak to a financial advisor to help plan your budget and choose the right loan option.


Calculating your LTV ratio and ensuring you don’t overstretch your budget are pivotal in making informed decisions when purchasing a property in Singapore. By understanding the nuances of both HDB and bank loans, you can better navigate your property buying journey, ensuring financial stability and peace of mind. Remember, buying a home is not just about securing a roof over your head—it's also about making a wise financial investment for your future.

For an in-depth consultation, get in touch with me at 87368736.

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Andik Imran

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